Working in the emergency department it can be difficult to keep up with all the new street drugs. Here is yet another one….coming soon to an ER near you.
Dab, Dabs, Dabbing, wax, earwax, honey, honey oil, shatter and BHO are all street names for a new form of Butane Hash Oil, a highly concentrated form of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) extracted from marijuana in a process using butane as a solvent. Earwax was a name given for its yellowish color and texture.
While pot contains roughly 20 percent THC, dabs or earwax can contain 70-90 percent, making it much more potent. This concentrated form of marijuana is becoming more popular due to the intense and prolonged “high”, however its production and use are becoming increasingly controversial due to the manufacturing risks.
Dab is manufactured by forcing a hydrocarbon solvent, often butane, through a tightly packed mass of marijuana leaves. The solvent extracts THC from the plant material, and the remaining resinous or waxy material after it is cooked can be smoked, vaporized, or ingested.Wayne-in-the-hospital
Butane is extremely volatile and flammable and tends to accumulate in enclosed spaces. This volatility has resulted in an increasing number of explosions and burn injuries caused by individuals trying to manufacture this drug at home. This situation has obvious analogy to the dangers involved in meth labs. (“Breaking Dab”)Wayne-in-the-hospital.
Since “wax” is said to contain about 90% THC, the effects of smoking can be much greater than those that occur after using marijuana or even hash. Some individuals who have used BHO have experienced severe visual and auditory hallucinations, tactile sensations as well as psychotic breaks.
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